The Bravos and Indios are part of a circuit of Mexican-American fast-pitch softball teams, established in the central U.S. in the 1930s and '40s, when the game was among the most popular amateur sports in the country. The ballast of the past is similarly indispensable to the sense of American national identity, and it is something quite distinct from the dualism of descent and consent.
Thus, they provide a counterpart to what sociologist Jacques Rancière's identified as dominant fiction." Burgoyne remarks that many of the most hallowed myths of nation have been challenged and criticized in feature films that contest the basic premises of American ideology" - the myth of manifest destiny, for example, or of the progressive extension of liberty to ever-increasing numbers of people, or of the power of national belonging to displace the lived identity or race, or of the existence of a single, homogeneous nation extending from sea to shining sea." See Robert Burgoyne, Hollywood Looks at US History (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997), 7. Emmerich's Independence Day goes in the opposite direction.
This distinction could be very useful as a basis for further research on ‘nationalism' and could provide insight into new aspects of the problem. Throughout, emotions play a much larger role than reason or thinking generally, and the strongest emotion evoked by patriotism is the pleasure of belonging to a cooperative social community where everyone is concerned with the fate of others.
Patriotism, for example, is an older terminology that has a much more intimate connection with both the state and religious language, whereas nationalism has closer connections to modernity and secularism. But we also are citizens (or resident aliens) of an earthly nation-state, such as the United States.
Films such as Glory (1989), Thunderheart (1992), JFK (1991), Born on the Fourth of July (1989), Malcolm X (1992), Jefferson in Paris (1995), or Forrest Gump (1994) focus on narratives of American national history to explore the meaning of America" from a perspective which earlier films had allegedly largely ignored.
Phase B of the national agitation, the phase in which the national movement turns to and addresses a specific population as members of the nation in spe , thus went hand in hand with the purposeful endeavour to develop and enrich the nation in the sense of an abstract cultural community.