The term often brings to mind people directly involved with the defense of a nation, namely military service members as well as state and local government representatives. The nature of individuals' relationship to their nation can range from a sense of belonging, to identification with a group, to patriotism and even to nationalism.
It is the relationship to the nation as an abstract value community that today may be at risk of being disrupted or eroded. That is not all it can be. Despite the over-rationalised expectations favoured by the internationalist perspectives of the left," argued the late Stuart Hall in Our Mongrel Selves, nationalism is not only not a spent force.
The word nationalism came along a full 150 years later and until the 20th century was used interchangeably with Patriotism to mean roughly the same thing. As an example, recall the 20th-century anti-colonialism struggles in Africa and India driven by a strong nationalist sentiment among the oppressed peoples.
In 1908 the British Parliament decreed that the Union Jack should be the National flag. Sectional differences, of course, persisted, but Memorial Day started to become a national holiday. As the nation celebrates its 244th birthday, those of us who still love it must redouble our efforts to convert those who don't to our side.
First, patriotism is seen as a verbal "sleight of hand" to avoid the pejorative connotations of nationalism; however, basically they are the same. The findings were released ahead of the Fourth of July national holiday amid the country's struggle to rein in the coronavirus pandemic, and calls for racial justice and an end to policy brutality in Black Lives Matter protests in every state.
The main political power embodied in patriotic symbols is, as we saw, the power of connecting with others in the community. Patriotism not only has made Americans feel more strongly about their ideals, but also has led to excesses in which those ideals of tolerance and defense of basic rights are compromised in the name of patriotism.